Chronic kidney disease and risk factors in the population over 15 years of Buena Vista community, Las Pilas
Zelaya SM, Granados DM, Hernandez MX, Vela XF(Pres), Henriquez DO, Orantes CM
Presentation: 29.10.2013, 01:15 pm [Video]
Discussion: 29.10.2013: 01:30 pm [Discussion]
A cross-sectional, observational, study was conducted in people equal or greater than 15 years old in the country’s highland community Buena Vista, epidemiologic and clinical methods were used through active screening of presumptive CKD and its associated risk factors in the population of the community of Buena Vista , Las Pilas canton, Chalatenango. Objective: To determine the prevalence of CKD and associated risk factor in people equal or greater than 15 years old from the community Buena Vista, January to August 2012. Methods: The universe was the population > 15 years old from both sexes (n=180, of which 128 were studied) data were collected about: social determinants, epidemiological and clinical data through health familial and personal history. 3 months later the patients with presumptive CKD (123 people) were reassessed, through determination of serum creatinine and application of the CKD-EPI formula and urinalysis with albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) related. Results: 128 people were studied, from which, 57.3% are feminine and 42.96% masculine. Global prevalence of CKD was: 13.82%; there is high prevalence in females (70.58%, 12/17) surpassing the prevalence in males (29.41%, 5/17). The 64.7% of people with CKD were from 15 to 59 years old and the 35.29% are 60 years old or greater, besides, from the total population with CKD, associated comorbidities were studied; having: 6.5% with no comorbidities, followed by 5.69% people with hypertension (HTN) and a small proportion of CKD patients (1.62%) present diabetes mellitus (DM) and the association between DM + HTN as comorbidities. Conclusions: the behavior of the disease in the population studied has differences with international described patterns: there is high prevalence, female sex predominated; start at an early age; the majority of the population with CKD are < 60 years old.